Program Components

Primary

The SHARP School Component for older school age students with asthma enrolled in grades 4–6.

The SHARP Community Component for invited members of the students’ social network including caregivers, parents, family members, siblings, neighbors, friends, school personnel, classmates, and sports/youth leaders.

Secondary

The SHARP Classmate Component for all students with and without  asthma enrolled in grades 4–6.

The SHARP Preschool Component for preschool and early school age children with and without asthma aged 3–5 years.

Asthma education in schools helps everyone.

The school component is for older school age students with asthma enrolled in grades 4–6. Students who were ever diagnosed with asthma with intermittent symptoms or mild, moderate or severe persistent asthma are welcome to participate.

  • Reasons why prescribed medications are needed to control and relieve symptoms are discussed.
  • Self-care behaviors used to manage symptoms, prevent symptoms and promote health are demonstrated. child's color drawing of teacher and children in discussion
  • Students share beliefs, thoughts and feelings about what it is like for them to live with asthma.
  • Communication skills are role-modeled for whom to tell, what to say, when to share and how to present so that others will listen.

Empowering the community to know, react responsibly.

Students invite important people in their lives to learn about asthma and how to help them when needed. Important people might include parents, family members, siblings, neighbors, friends, school personnel, classmates and sports/youth leaders.

  • Community programs are periodically scheduled in the evening or during the weekend as information sharing events.
  • Asthma-related handouts, pamphlets and products are offered. 
  • An interactive presentation about asthma and asthma management using a semi-formal question and answer discussion format facilitated by a certified asthma educator is featured.
  • Asthma-related activities in the community are highlighted.

Young children need to know, too! 

The preschool–early school age component is for young children aged 3–5 years with and without breathing problems so that they will know what to do if they experience breathlessness and how to help if their siblings, classmates or close friends experience breathlessness.

  • Delivered as a child care program to siblings and young friends of older school age students with asthma during the Community Component.
  • Is also delivered as a free-standing program for young children as a community outreach event. 
  • Fun activities are used to teach young children about breathlessness in ways they can understand.
  • Children exercise to increase their breathing rates and then learn how to calm their breathing.

Classmates learn about lung function.

Older school age students with and without asthma enrolled in grades 4–6 learn about asthma in schools during instructional time or during free-standing programs for older school age children aged 9–14 years as a community outreach event.

  • Anatomy and physiology of a healthy respiratory system are introduced.
  • Asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, and emphysema are compared and contrasted. graphic depicting three children in conversation
  • Actions to reduce exposure to stimuli are explored.
  • Effective behaviors used to support people who are experiencing breathlessness, coughing or wheezing are demonstrated.
  • Advocacy for increasing awareness of asthma in the community is role-modeled.